James William Stinchcomb was born in February of 1822, near New Salem, Ohio in Thorn Township, Perry County.

 His Father was George Stinchcomb Jr., born July 14, 1793. The son of George Stinchcomb Sr., and grandson of William Stinchcomb, who was a lieutenant and paymaster in the Maryland Militia during the American Revolution. William had four other brothers who had served in the Continental Army with him. Another older brother, Norman, had served during the French and Indian War.

His Mother was Ann Wiseman, the daughter of the Rev. John Wiseman and his wife Sarah Green. Rev. John Wiseman as a young man had served his country in the Continental Line, and  Berks Co., Pennsylvania Militia during The American Revolutionary War. He served with Gen. George Washington during the long, cold, and bitter winter at Valley Forge. He also served at Monmouth, Cherry Valley, Stony Point, and Yorktown.     (Wiseman Family Assoc.)

His Family lived very close to the County Line, and he was able to roam freely through Walnut Township, in Fairfield County, and Thorn Township in Perry County.

His Grandfather George Stinchcomb Sr., and his Uncles James and John Stinchcomb, all moved to Seneca County when he was six years old, but he had his mother's Wiseman relatives living all around him. He attended Church at the New Salem Methodist Episcopal Church, where his other Grandfather, the Rev. John Wiseman was a minister.  John Wiseman was also a farmer. His Grandfather Wiseman died in 1842 when James was Twenty years old.

 James  went to  read and study  Law with Philadelph Van Trump, and Henry Stanberry in Lancaster, Fairfield County, Ohio, in order to become an Attorney.  

   On August 10, 1847, James W. Stinchcomb married Sophronia L. Shaw, the daughter of Salmon Shaw, and Minerva Eastman of Lancaster, Fairfield County, Ohio.

James and Sophronia, have five children born in Lancaster, Ohio, four of which survived to adulthood. William Allen, George Franklin (named for his Father's brother),  Douglas Aaron, Sarah Elizabeth "Lizzie", and Jennie Stinchcomb.  His daughter Jennie evidently died young, as she is not found in any records after 1865.

 In 1854, he was a citizen of Lancaster, Fairfield County, Ohio. He had some years previously studied law with Henry Stanberry and Philadelph Van Trump, In 1857 he formed a partnership with R. M. Clarke. Mr.'s Stinchcomb, Van Trump, and Clarke's Law Library burned up in a disastrous fire in Lancaster in 1857.

James W. Stinchcomb was Prosecuting Attorney of Fairfield County, Ohio, from 1856 to 1860. James's brother-in-law, Virgil E. Shaw had been the previous Prosecuting Attorney for Fairfield County from 1854 to 1856.

James was a member of the Salem Lodge, at New Salem, Ohio, of the Free and Accepted Masons of Ohio in 1847. His Father-in-law, Salmon Shaw, and his brother-in-law, Virgil E. Shaw, were also members of the F&AM in Lancaster, Ohio. James's father, George Stinchcomb Jr. was also a member of the New Salem lodge F&AM.

In July,1860, in the Federal Census for Fairfield County, Ohio, James appears to be a prosperous Attorney, living in Lancaster. The value of his real estate is $1000.00, and he is supporting a large household consisting of, His wife Sophronia, five children, Sophronia's sister Martha E. Shaw, and a domestic servant named Sallie, age 18.

James and Family are living on Wheeling St. in Lancaster. Their house sits on a lot that was part of his Father-in-law, Salmon Shaw's property before he died in 1854. Salmon Shaw had bought the property from Joseph Work on April 30, 1827.  James and Sophronia pay Seventy eight  Dollars to each of Sophronia's brothers and sisters to obtain a quit-claim deed to the property. In addition James and Sophronia agree to pay Salmon Shaw's widow Minerva Shaw an annual sum of money (not specified) to obtain her quit-claim on her Dower rights to the property. These quit-claim Deeds are dated March 28, 1857.

James is living next to John M. Connel, who will one day be his Commanding Officer, Colonel John M. Connel of the 17th OVI (Three year enlistment), in which James is the Captain of Company B. John M. Connel is also an Attorney in Lancaster.

James W. Stinchcomb   enlisted in Company A, 1st Ohio regiment. When this regiment reached Columbus, Ohio, James and two other men were sent back to Lancaster to help raise the second Lancaster Company to enlist, which became the nucleus of the 17th Ohio Volunteer Infantry regiment.

James served in the 17th OVI during the war, from April 1861 to August 15, 1861 as Captain of Co. I (Three months enlistment) James participated in the campaign in Western Virginia, first serving as commander of the detachment guarding troop trains, and secondly serving as Commander of garrison at Ravenswood, Virginia from June 29, 1861 to July 13, 1861.

He served From August 16, 1861 to January 5, 1864 as Captain of Co. B, and from January 6, 1864 to May 2, 1864 as Major, still commanding Co. B, (Three years enlistment) and was a brave and courageous soldier. He participated in the numerous campaigns of the 17th OVI from April 1861 to May 1864, including the Siege of Corinth, the Tullahoma campaign, Stone's River, Murfreesboro, Chattanooga, and Chickamauga. James was wounded at Stone River, and again at Murfreesboro.

It is perhaps ironic,that James's second wife, Amanda Kelly McKee's divorced husband, William McKee,  was killed at the battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, where James was wounded by a spent musket ball in his side.

 His noted service at Chickamauga was mainly in the second line of battle.

After the Confederate forces had penetrated the Union center, they wheeled right and hit the First Brigade(Connell's Brigade) in front and flank, sending most of the Brigade reeling back in disorder. At least half of the Brigade, including Col. Connell was routed, and sent reeling back towards the Rossville Gap, and Chattanooga. Company B had retreated about two hundred yards, in a compact formation, rallied and charged upon the advancing Confederates, losing at least half their number in this futile charge. The Senior Officer, Lt. Col. Durbin Ward pulled his remaining men back behind the thin Union line, and were consolidated with elements of the 31st Ohio, under Col. Moses Walker, and the 82nd Indiana, under Col. Morton C. Hunter, who was placed in temporary command of all three units, with overall command being by Brig. Gen. John Beaty. This scratch unit was placed in location upon Hill no. 1, on Horseshoe Ridge, building barricades from rail fences, and helping to repulse the savage, multiple charges of Confederate General James Longstreet's Confederate Soldiers upon the thin Union line gathered on Snodgrass hill, and Horseshoe Ridge.

This determined and stubborn stand by Union Forces on September 20, 1863, is what earned Union General George H. "PAP"Thomas, the sobriquet of "The Rock of Chickamauga"!

 Following the Battle of Chickamauga, Captain James W. Stinchcomb was named with seven other officers in a report to higher authority by Brig. Gen. John Beatty. In the Report Gen. Beatty Praises the officers for their "Higher order of Heroism", and "For an exhibition of determined courage Which (I) believe unsurpassed in the history of the rebellion".

" The distinguished bravery of Captain J. W. Stinchcomb, of this regiment, and the leading part he took in rallying on the second line at Chickamauga, are more fully stated in the sketch of the Thirty-First Ohio. It is enough to say here that he was not unnoticed by brave old General Thomas, being handsomely mentioned in his official report of the battle."(A.A.Graham, The History of Fairfield and Perry Counties.)

During the siege of Chattanooga, the Seventeenth was in several severe skirmishes, and at Brown's Ferry, it won honor, along with the brigade to which it was attached.

At Mission Ridge, though in the rear when the battle commenced, it was at the front when the top of the hill was gained. In this brilliant charge, the brave and gallant Major Butterfield fell mortally wounded, while leading the regiment.

January 1, 1864, the subject of re-enlisting as veterans having been agitated, three hundred and ninety-three members of the Seventeenth agreed to enlist for a second three years term, if it became necessary. January 22 the regiment started home on furlough, and on the 7th of March, returned to the field with over four hundred recruits.  

From the History of the 31st Ohio Volunteer Infantry :

On the second day of Chickamauga, after the disastrous rout and disorganization of most of the Federal army, many of the Perry and Fairfield boys, members of the Seventeenth and Thirty-First, kept together, as well as they could, and when orders were given by General Thomas, commander of the army of the Cumberland, to which they belonged, to form a second line of battle, and throw up temporary breast-works, they joined heartily in the movement.     

Captain J. W. Stinchcomb, born and brought up in Thorn township,  Perry county, but in command of a Fairfield county company, was very active and conspicuous in the formation of this famous second line of battle. So much so, in fact, that he is mentioned by General Thomas in the official report of the battle. His loud hoarse voice was heard above the din, rallying the scattered soldiers, and his stalwart form almost tottered beneath an incredible load of rails.

A private soldier of the Thirty-First facetiously remarked that he "never had the most distant idea how many rails were a load for a man, until he saw 'Jim' Stinchcomb in the business at Chickamauga."

 He was promoted from Captain to Major on  January 5, 1864, not quite four months after the Battle of Chickamauga, and not long after the Battle of Mission Ridge where Maj. Butterfield was killed, creating a vacancy in the Officers ranks.

 Major James W. Stinchcomb resigned his Commission on May 2,1864, He cited his deteriorating health, and his cares and concerns for his family in Ohio. He had been on continuous service for over three years, the privations of being in the field, and exposure from the elements had sapped his health, and weakened his body. His Family at home was also having hard times, his pay as a Union Officer probably did not come close to what he had made as a practicing Attorney.

After his resignation, James and Family lived in Lancaster (Fairfield county) until 1865 when he sold his house, and then moved to Logan, Ohio (Hocking county). The Deed records of Hocking County show that S. Louisa (Sophronia) Stinchcomb bought lot 205 (lot 9 in the Webster addition) in the town of Logan on November 26,1866 for $922.00 from Meed Bowen, and his wife Lucy.  The Bowens personally appeared before Probate Judge Oakley Case to be examined by him on Nov. 26,1866, about their voluntarily signing and sealing the instrument of sale to S. Louisa Stinchcomb.

An interesting Note:

James W. Stinchcomb and Oakley Case (Probate Judge), together buy lot no. 361 in the Village of Logan from Lawrence A. and Lucy H. Culver on May 25,1869. (I would presume that this is to open a law office together, or for speculation purposes.) The cost was three Hundred Dollars, and the deed was recorded on May 26,1869.

After his Mother died in 1869, he moved his family to Nebraska, first settling in Plattsmouth (Cass county). James worked as an Attorney in Omaha, Nebraska during the early 1870's as a partner in a practice, which was associated with Daniel Wheeler, a noted Omaha Attorney.

James and Sophronia sold their house and lot in Logan, Hocking County, Ohio to Lewis Green on February 18, 1874, for the sum of Fifteen Hundred Dollars. James and Sophronia personally appeared before Notary Public Lloyd D. Bennett on February 18, 1874, in Cass County, Nebraska to acknowledge the sale instrument, and to guarantee that they were in fact the persons they represented themselves to be. This sale and Identity guarantee instrument was recorded in Hocking County, Ohio on March 2, 1874. James's daughter, "Lizzie" Stinchcomb signed the document as a witness.

 James's wife Sophronia (Shaw) Stinchcomb died in Plattsmouth, Nebraska on March 27, 1874, and is buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery in Omaha, Nebraska, being buried in the west half of lot 775.

James relocated to Adams County, Nebraska, filing a homestead in Kenesaw Township on October 6, 1874.

James returned to Ohio in early 1875, and Married Amanda Kelly McKee on April 25, 1875 in Morrow County, Ohio. Amanda was the daughter of William and Elizabeth Kelly of Morrow County, Ohio. Amanda had been previously married to William McKee, and had had a daughter by him in 1859, May McKee. Amanda"s marriage in Morrow County, Ohio to William McKee was  "Hereby dissolved, and wholly set aside"on October 20, 1862, by reason of desertion on the part of Mr. McKee.

An Affidavit on April 8, 1898, by the Rev. J. Tudor Lewis states: "I hereby declare that I am personally aquainted with Mrs. Amanda H. Stinchcomb, and can certify to the fact that from the time of her divorce from Mr. McKee in 1862 to the time she married Mr. Stinchcomb in 1875, she contracted no marriage relation with any man. "

On July 11, 1875, James's Father, George Stinchcomb dies in Perry county, Ohio. His official cause of Death is "Caught in Rain". George is 77 years, 11 months, and 27 days old at his death.

James inherits one third of his Fathers estate, the other two thirds go to his sisters Susan H. Stinchcomb, and Elizabeth W. (Stinchcomb) Pugh.

 On July 19, 1875, James and Amanda Stinchcomb convey a power of Attorney to one Reuben Butter in Perry County to sell his portion of his Fathers estate. The property, (one undivided third of Seventy eight acres) is sold on July 23, 1875 to Jacob J. Johnson of Perry County by their attorney in fact, (Reuben Butter) for Seven Hundred and Twenty Five Dollars. The Deed is received on July 24, 1875, and recorded on July 26, 1875. A copy of which may be found in the Perry county Deeds book no. 18, pages 395, and 396.

James and Amanda Stinchcomb had a son born July 19, 1878, in Nebraska, James and Amanda named him James Kelly Stinchcomb.

James worked as a writer, and sometime editorialist for the Lincoln Journal, and the Juniata Herald, writing articles, and giving strong opinions when he felt they were needed.

James W. Stinchcomb died on December 18, 1878 from a debilitating Lung disease(Consumption{Tuberculosis}), leaving a wife, four sons, a daughter, and a step-daughter to mourn his loss. His youngest son was less than a  year old at his death. He was buried in the Kenesaw Cemetery in Lot 69, North Block. His Grave is marked only:

                                                                  J. W. Stinchcomb

                                                                 17th Ohio Vol. Inf.

Amanda remarried less than a year after James's death to a farmer named Oscar Mott. (She divorced Mr. Mott in Marysville, California in 1893, reverting to her previous name of Stinchcomb) She had an eighteen year old daughter, an infant son less than a year old, a mortgaged homestead, and not much money. James had received about Seven Hundred Dollars as his share of his Father's Estate in July 1875, but after his death, his wife had five years to pay off the mortgage on the homestead which comprised his entire Estate.

When her son, James K. Stinchcomb came of age, Amanda filed to receive herself the pension that previously had been given to her minor son, James K. Stinchcomb. The last record we have of Amanda is that she was living in Bentonville, Arkansas in 1908.

In Colburn's "History of Perry County, Ohio", Mr. Colburn states in the Preface that most of his information about Thorn Township in his book, came from Major James W. Stinchcomb.

   James's first three sons were all members of the Printing/Writing profession. William was an Editor, and Freelance Writer, George F., and Douglas A. were both members of the Cincinnati, Ohio, Typographical Union no.3.

 James's youngest son, James Kelly Stinchcomb, became a minister, and worked tirelessly for the Methodist Church in California. His work was with the younger people, who would be the future of the Church. James Kelly's son, grandson, and great grandson were all named;